From Vol 1 of the History of Okehampton by EHY..
Document in Old English is typed into Volume 1 of this series and then translated. Here is given only the translation. The original volume may be seen in the Museum of Dartmoor Life in Okehampton.
Sir Hugh de Courtenay who owned the Castle and all the land surrounding it, gave permission for the people of Okehampton to graze their animals on the Common Pasture and to use Halstock (? ) Woods between the 29th of September and the middle of March to let their pigs (1 sow and up to 4 piglets) forage for acorns and beech nuts (mastage) . Unless the Courtenays decided to fence part in!
In return the Town gave his lordship 2 barrels of wine a year and agreed not to use the land south of the castle. The occupants of the castle agreed not to interfere with the peasantry when accessing the land. The suspicion is that the peasants had been used to using these woods for grazing and the Lord decided that it was his land and had preventede them. This agreement settles the conflict.
Know all to whom the present writing shall come, Hugh of Courtenay, the Portreeve, and Comonalty of Okehampton send greetings in God. All know what is in controversie between the said Hugh on the one part and the Portreeve and Comonalty of the Borough of Okehamptonon the other part concerning commons of Pasture in woods, wastes and other places in the Manor of Okehampton.
The controversie between the said Hugh on the one part and the Portreeve and Comonalty was overcome in this manner, viz. the said Portreeve and Comonalty, for them, their heirs and assigns, with their good and lawful will, have released and quit claimed to the said Hugh and his heirs all their right and claim which they have or will have in the whole of the wood of the said Hugh, situated to the south of the Castle and the Borough of Okehampton, everywhere and at all times of the year . And the said Hugh, with good and pure will, assisting the said Portreeve and Comonalty , for himself and his heirs grants to the said Portreeve and comonalty, their heirs and assigns that they may have common pasture for all animals throughout his whole wastes between all his arable land of Wryham towards the south and the borders of Dartmoor, throughout the whole year, with free and peaceable ingress and egress from the said Borough through the middle of the said south wood, by way of Rodmore, unto the said waste.
And likewise they may have common of pasture for all their beasts throughout the whole demesne of the said Hugh of Okehampton from the morrow of St. Michael until the middle of the month of March. Moreover that each Burgess may have a sow and four little pigs in his wood called Hokwood, in the northern part of the said Borough, at the time of mastage, free from pannage throughout the whole of the said wood, except such part thereof as the said Hugh or his heirs should in future enclose. And the said Hugh and his heirs hold themselves to warrant and defend for ever the above mentioned common pasture of the lords and pannage of pigs to the afore mentioned Comonalty , their heirs and assigns without disturbance of the said Hugh or any of his servants.
For the above mentioned grant of common pasture , the Portreeve and Comonalty gave to the said Hugh their lord, two tuns of wine, beforehand.
In witness thereof, this writing confirmed in the form of a Chirograph (A chirograph is a medieval document, which has been written in duplicate, triplicate or very occasionally quadruplicate (four copies) on a single piece) the said Hugh, his seal, the said Portreeve and Comonalty , their common seal, have alternately placed; these are the Witnesses :-
Lord Henry de Ralegh, Robert Baupel, Knight, Nicholas de la Hoke, Elya Coffin, William de Cockyscombe, Roger de Durneford, Walter atte Byare and others.
Given at Okehampton the Tuesday in the Feast of St. Thomas the Martyr in the 20th year of the reign of King Edward 1st. A.D. 1292.